This two-week unit lets students explore the basic information needed to understand the livestock industry. Negotiated Grid: Agreement under which the base price for the livestock is determined by buyer-seller interaction. A young (under approximately 24 months of age) male bovine (castrated or uncastrated) that has developed or begun to develop the secondary physical characteristics of a bull. *Goats are the number one producer of milk in the world. Cattle have the appearance of disproportionally large mid-section (belly). Cash or spot market purchase by a producer of livestock to a packer under which the price for the livestock is determined by seller-buyer interaction. The .gov means it’s official. For slaughter cattle the base price is not negotiated but is based on some other price (such as plant average or weighted average price) or value determining mechanism that may or may not be known at the time the deal is struck. Advance commitment of cattle for slaughter using a method for calculating price. Slaughter cows expected to yield carcasses in the range of 75-80% lean. Livestock. It is further complicated by regional variations of terms. The State Fair of Texas celebrates all things Texan by promoting agriculture, education, and community involvement through quality entertainment in a family-friendly environment. However for slaughter cattle, delivery can be extended up to 30 days. Term Definition; Bottle lamb: Heifer – a young female bovine which has not yet had a calf Livestock Judging Terminology; Bigger Bodied; Bigger Bodied Definition. Piglet [Pigs] Pig up to 4 weeks old. They have usually produced offspring. Basic Livestock Production. 3921 Martin Luther King Jr., Blvd. Term used to describe cattle that have received a known vaccination regiment, usually part of a total pre-conditioning program. The following list of terms is provided for information purposes only. Their rib bones and the hooks and pins in the pelvic region are plainly visible. billy) a sexually mature male goat A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z. Hog – a mature swine (usually weighing more than 120 pounds) Flock – a grouping of a species of livestock (sheep, poultry) Herd – a group of a single species of animal (cattle, horses, swine, goats) Livestock – domestic farm animals kept for productive purposes (meat, milk, work, wool) Market animal – livestock bred and raised for food consumption During these vivid presentations, the students will develop a basic understanding of the different classifications of livestock. Market animal – livestock bred and raised for food consumption The language of wool is included in the Wool section. c) A method used to castrate animals in which a rubber band is placed on the scrotum, causing the testicles to atrophy. Price paid for livestock after application of any premiums or discounts, expressed in dollars per hundred weight. Fair Food Madness: The Big Tex Choice Awards Championship, Texas Cheese Tasting with Scardello Artisan Cheese. even when similar weights and grades are selling at or near the same price level. Undergraduate 1. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. Piglet [Pigs] Pig up to 4 weeks old. 14 (b) (i) A natural person who regularly participates in physical labor or operations management in the person's farming operation to produce agricultural products; livestock or livestock products; milk or milk products; or fruit or other horticultural products. An agreement for the purchase of cattle, executed in advance of slaughter, under which the base price is established by reference to prices quoted on the Chicago Mercantile Exchange. This unit plan is designed for a full two weeks but can be e Jack – a male donkey Mule – is the offspring of a male donkey and a female horse This glossary of pig terms should help you understand the … Cattle Producer’s Guide to Feedlot Terminology — Publications When we say bigger bodied we are referring to that animals center body. Amino acids:the simpler building units of protein. ft. or 0.405 hectares Introducing livestock species terms to your students? farmers' market - A market at which farmers sell their produce directly to consumers. Gilt – a young female pig Your message has been sent successfully. In order for Livestock Mandatory reports to be published they must meet the 3/70/20 confidentiality guideline which states that in order for a report (regional or national) to be published, at least 3 companies have to submit data 50% of the time or more over a 60-day period. Poultry Register [Poultry] Replacement cows that are 4 years old or less that have had at least one calf. Calf – a sexually immature young bovine Wether – a castrated male goat Addled:an egg where the contents are decomposing. Sheep Terminology. nanny) a female goat Barrow – a young, castrated male swine Pedigree [Livestock General] Pure bred animal registered with the breed society. and get early access to event info, ticket discounts, exclusive Big Tex store promos, and more! Agribusiness: a way of farming that combines agriculture and business and usually involves large amounts of land, animals, and expensive technology be Artifact: a historical object made by humans Bacteria: microorganisms that live in the soil and convert nutrients into forms usable by plants Bovine: cattle Breed: to produce offspring by giving birth or by hatching Both a “way of life” and a “means of life” for the people involved in ABOUT THE COURSE. Before sharing sensitive information online, make sure you’re on a .gov or .mil site by inspecting your browser’s address (or “location”) bar. Price paid for livestock before application of any premiums or discounts, expressed in dollars per hundred weight. it will also help beginners in 4-H and ffa livestock judging to understand proper note-taking format and the structure to oral reasons. Mare – an adult female horse Both a “way of life” and a “means of life” for the people involved in Litter – multiple offspring produced at one birth by a multi-parous mammal. Even those working in the industry can get confused if, for example, they work in a greenhouse but don’t know anything about raising chickens. Students will cover topics like Livestock and Companion Breed Identification, Nutrition, Veterinary Medical Practices and Anatomy to include their knowledge in Veterinary Medicine. There is no evidence of smoothness associated with fat deposits. Typical fleshy feeder cattle are beginning to show moderate fat deposits in the cod, flanks, brisket, and around the tail head. Information contained in this website is the property of the State Fair of Texas, all rights reserved. If time permits, allow students to work on the project. Comment used for video auction and direct reporting to segregate sales that are full semi load lots. Marketing terms like grass-fed, corn-fed, natural and organic are just a few of these terms. 11/13/2011. Point Of Lay [Poultry] Female about to start laying at 18 weeks. Cattle (Beef and Dairy) Terminology. Market reporters usually do not know the exact age of the cattle and must rely on the physical appearance of the animal to determine the age or in the case of direct cattle the information provided by the contact. The majority of livestock judging competitions will consists of classes from the following: breeding and market cattle, breeding and market sheep, breeding and ... skeleton in terms of chest width and center body shape to ensure efficiency in a feedlot setting and the ability to … Used to identify cattle on market reports that typically sell at a premium, cattle denoted with this comment possess superior genetics or other known factors that allow for a higher price to be paid. This is a great way to teach and reinforce those terms! I have neat way (I think so anyway!) ** Goat meat has many different names that depend on the goat’s geographic location and age of animal. Cattle that a packer owns for at least 14 days immediately before slaughter. Doe – (aka. There is also a definite ridge formed by the dorsal processes in the short loin region. Typically full cattle sell at a discount. Pullet: This indicates usually a young female chicken of 8 to 19 weeks old. Agriculture: The utilization of biological processes on farms to produce food and other products useful and necessary to man. Popular Products – milk,* cabrito,** mohair and cashmere. Barbed Wire: (sometimes called "bobbed wire" or "barb wire. Abattoir An abattoir is a building where animals are slaughtered and processed into meat products. The final net price is determined after application of premiums and discounts. Lamb – a sheep less than one year in age In regards to slaughter cattle, premiums and discounts may be applied to the forward contract base price in order to determine the final net price. Comment used to identify cattle that possess a noticeable degree of the Brahman breed influence, usually 1/4 blood or greater. Aged cows that have one or more teeth missing. Level. basis. The https:// means all transmitted data is encrypted — in other words, any information or browsing history that you provide is transmitted securely. Hen – Adult female © 2021 State Fair of Texas. Also called brood, Chick – a newly hatched or a very young chicken As you approach a class of livestock… Pig – (aka. Caprine – refers to animals in the goat family Example: calf, heifer, steer, cow, bull. Filly – a female horse under the age of four The livestock are usually scheduled for delivery to the packer not more than 14 days after the date on which the livestock are committed to a packer. Popular Products – eggs and chicken, Bovine – the scientific name for cattle Livestock terminology 1. There is a great deal of inconsistency. Comment used to identify heifers that are guaranteed open (not bred) by the seller. Agriculture. Popular Products – lamb,* mutton,* hogget,* and wool, Poult – Young domestic turkey Ram – a male sheep Range and average carcass weight in pounds, the quality and yield grade (if applicable), and the average dressing percentage. Double-muscled cattle are also graded U.S. Broilers – a chicken that is six to 13 weeks of age used for meat production The majority of livestock judging competitions will consists of classes from the following: breeding and market cattle, breeding and market sheep, breeding and ... skeleton in terms of chest width and center body shape to ensure efficiency in a feedlot setting and the ability to …