Birches are considered a "pioneer" species and, thus, tend to grow quickly when young. Gray, Paper Birch Trees . Rarely 12 m (40 feet) tall, it is covered almost to the ground with flexible branches that form a narrow, pyramidal crown. Silver birch is a vigorously sprouting and light-demanding pioneer species which quickly occupies bare ground. It does not thrive on waterlogged soil. River birches are Missouri natives that are naturally adapted to the climate and are extremely resistant to birch borer. �@.�M"���V�� �����p��l3���j>�P��膱$#�1D��(�F ʱ��!���r�r�G��L�3�4�p. Betulaceae Betula nigra - river birch: Leaf, alternate, simple, doubly serrate margins, deltoid shape. It is the only native birch that does well in low elevations of the south. Shaded area represents potential planting range. Paper birch, however, is clearly not a substitute for yellow birch and there’s no comparison. No pests or diseases are of major concern. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Yellow birch is a march The leaves are arranged the same as the birch leaf arrangement. The river birch is by far the most adaptable birch species for North-South landscapes. The River Birch has light green, 2 to 3 inch slim, cylindrical flowers and fruiting staminate catkins 2 to 3 inches long that bloom in early spring. Rough or S1S paper birch should cost $2.50 to $4.00 a board foot. River birch can grow 50 to 90 feet tall but is often seen 40 to 50 feet (Fig. River Birch prefers wet sites and does best in moist, acidic, sandy, or rocky, well-drained loams in full sun to part shade. Donald E. Davis Arboretum College of Sciences and Mathematics. N.C. /Matrix [0.4497 0.2446 0.02518 0.3163 0.672 0.1412 0.1845 0.08334 0.9227] A tree of floodplains and swampy bottomlands, this versatile species also grows well in drier soils. Although river birches have some susceptibility to aphids, leaf miner and iron chlorosis in high pH soils, these problems are somewhat minor in comparison to the birch borer. Tiny monoecious (male and female) flowers appear in early spring in separate catkins on the same tree. Use your browser's Back button if you want to change anything and try again. Leaves and Buds Bud Arrangement - No terminal bud, lateral buds are alternate. stream The bark of a young river birch can vary from having a salmon-pink to brown-gray tint and can be described as having loose layers of curling, paper thin scales. It lacks the white trunk bark associated with other birches but is distinguished The River Birch has graceful branches, is easy to transplant, is heat tolerant and moderately salt tolerant. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Texture: medium Foliage Leaf arrangement: alternate (Fig. River birch is widely planted for its appealing, peeling bark and shiny, diamond-shaped leaves. Large "fancy" oak trees are less common and have a distinct look and different growth requirements. 1). NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Although this gray birch has some susceptibility to aphids, birch skeletonizer and dieback, these problems are usually considered to be somewhat minor in comparison to the birch borer and birch leaf miner. It normally grows with a central leader and small-diameter, dark-colored lateral branches. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. It grows 50 feet tall and 40 feet wide. Once the river birch … River birch is best adapted to moist soils and is most likely found in nature on the banks of streams or swampy bottomlands, which are both areas of frequent flooding. Ovate or triangular, tip-pointed. Length. Small nutlet, about 400,000 seeds per pound, seed is shed in the spring. Gray birch, also spelled Grey Birch, also called Oldfield Birch, Wire Birch, or Poplar-leaved Birch, (Betula populifolia), slender ornamental tree of the family Betulaceae, found in clusters on moist sites in northeastern North America. Saplings of this tree are often among the earliest colonizers of newly logged ground in southern New England. %PDF-1.1 river birch grain. In the landscape, keep the tree consistently moist and consider using soaker hoses and bark mulches to keep the root zones cool and moist. The wood is hard and close-grained. /Gamma [1.8 1.8 1.8] The best foliage color occurs in full sun. Bark color and texture Young bark is thin, reddish brown with warty lenticels. Susceptible to leaf miner and scorch, and to leaf spots in wet climates. Bud Color - Lustrous, brown-black in color, scales on buds are downy on the edges. Leaves are 0.75 to 2.5 inches wide, pointed, sharply acute, broadly cuneate to nearly truncate, glaucous with 7-9 veins underneath. Pests and Diseases. The best foliage color occurs in full sun. Color/Appearance: Heartwood tends to be a light reddish brown, with nearly white sapwood. Birds and squirrels eat the male catkins in late winter/early spring. Attracts birds & butterflies . Although it is better adapted to heat than other birches, not a highly heat-tolerant tree. River birch is perhaps the most culturally adaptable and heat tolerant of the birches. As its name suggests, the river birch naturally grows along riverbanks. Cherry birch is also variously called black birch for its dark, shiny bark, and sweet birch for its wintergreen-smelling twigs. River birch is perhaps the most culturally adaptable and heat tolerant of the birches. Black birch has toothed leaves that appear to demonstrate both alternate and opposite leaf arrangement! River birch is a fast-growing, deciduous semi-aquatic tree that reaches between 50 and 90 feet in height. It has a narrow, oval to pyramidal crown when young, spreading wider with age as several branches become dominant. The leaves are simple, alternate and toothed. /Filter /LZWDecode As a single trunk tree, it develops a pyramidal habit when young, but matures to a more rounded shape. It has a narrow, oval to pyramidal crown when young, spreading wider with age as several branches become dominant. Living Room Furniture Arrangement Ideas ... and 'Fox Valley' varieties of river birch at your local garden center. Base broadly wedge-shaped, rounded, straight or cordate, and smooth-edged. Searchable database and photo gallery for the 3,200 vascular plants of Louisiana It is used for fuel, inexpensive furniture, basket hoops, artificial limbs, and toys. Aphids and caterpillars infest … The papery bark layers remain attached giving it an attractive ragged appearance. C-Value: 10 Found in wet, swampy, marsh and bogs in northern Midwest. How to Take Care of River Birch Trees. For this reason, it is naturally found in riverbanks, streambanks, and floodplains. Another birch tree grown as much for its peeling bark as for its fall foliage is the paper birch (Betula papyrifera). Plants benefit with a 3 to 4 inch layer of mulch and supplemental water in dry periods. endobj As the tree ages, bark divides into flat, scaly ridges. The flowers occur in clusters called catkins. Although it is not drought tolerant, it still has a high heat tolerance. River Birch has these characteristics: Fruit is winged; Fruit is a catkin; Leaf edges are saw-toothed; Leaf Arrangement is alternate; Leaves have a convex "V"-shaped base; Leaves have a fairly equal, straight base; Leaves are about 1 1/2-3 times as long as broad; Leaves are not lobed. /Length 67316 It normally grows with a central leader and small-diameter, dark-colored lateral branches. Betula is Latin for birch and describes a genus of about 60 species of deciduous trees and shrubs found in many gardens and landscapes throughout the northern hemisphere. They are also more borer-resistant than most birches. [/CalRGB 1 0 obj << 9 veins per side or fewer. The bark of young River Birch trees is reddish-brown with a papery appearance. >> Sap can be fermented to make birch beer. *$ 5D��(Aަ &�e؉�q� aј�qT��Q �l7��FX!\@n����^"-�����b.��9(�I���!��2H��HE� As the tree matures, the salmon-pink color is exchanged for a reddish-brown with a dark grey base color. The species is valued for its relatively rapid growth, tolerance of wetness and some drought, unique curling bark, spreading limbs, and relative resistance to birch borer. Neoformed leaves remain hairy, especially at the vein axils. This tree is native to North America. If the dealer is reputable and the price is more than $5.00 a board foot it has to be yellow birch or they are swindling you. River birch trees tolerate the summer heat better than paper birch trees, meaning they are better suited to grow in warmer regions. About Us: Collections: Education: Events: Support: Links & Resources Native Americans are known to have used this tree in many different medicinal purposes. 5–10 cm. River birch can grow 50 to 90 feet tall but is often seen 40 to 50 feet. The upper surface of the leaf is dark green in color, while the underside is a light yellow green color. This species has been known to tolerate flooded conditions for extended periods of time. ‘Heritage’ is a very popular river birch cultivar with superior ornamental features to the species For S2S paper birch, you might go as high as $4.50, that’s it. Common species of birch include white or paper birch (B. papyrifera), river birch (B. nigra), and yellow birch (B. alleghaniensis). Greenish female flowers are followed by drooping cone-like fruits containing numerous small winged seeds that typically mature in late summer. The largest tree in North Dakota is 61 feet tall with a canopy spread of 40 feet. But as a landscape tree, it can be planted almost anywhere in the U.S. form a strategic partnership called N.C. /WhitePoint [0.9505 1 1.089] Widest below the middle. ��#q>&����5L�/���s�a~�J1��5Z�v�j�?���E�o�V�`oT�]xػ\z��巙���f�+��;MZ�� �G�>ݠ�S���,���+n;ꏆ�C�砮�i 4M$���k^� � | ޷�,��S��C̬@�3� The tree produces a 1 to 1 1/2 inch cone-like aggregate which contains 3 tiny seeds. The scales on a mature tree lack the loose curling and are closely pressed into thick, irregular plates. The timber is used for plywood and furniture. 'Little King' Form (Stowe Botanical Garden, NC). Propagation of 'Heritage' river birch is by softwood cuttings, but the plant is patented. Also, this species is becoming very popular among estates, parks, college campuses, and golf courses due to its handsome bark character. Curly birch (var. Native geographic location and habitat. Birches (Betula) - This group of trees is easily recognized by their beautiful bark. << >> They often have "branches", outgrowths of logs on the sides of the trunk, or even freestanding and surrounded by leaves. Enter your search terms. ����P��4DC4c Read customer reviews and common Questions and Answers for Alcott Hill® Part #: W001667566 on this page. Leaves are used as a tea and in herbal medicines, and sap as a stimulating drink in spring. You may see Mourning Cloak (Nymphalis antiopa) which has one flight from June-July, Dreamy Duskywing (Erynnis icelus) with one brood April-July and rarely a second in the south, and Eastern Tiger Swallowtail (Papilo glaucus) which has three flights from February-November in the south and two flights May-September in the north. These scales are slightly separated from the trunk and can shift outward to the side. Birches are considered “bleeders”, avoid pruning in late spring before leaves emerge. %���� The bark of branches and twigs is grayish brown and more smooth, while new shoots are light green and pubescent. Do not prune in winter or spring when the sap is running because it will bleed. River Birch is resistant to the bronze birch borer which infects and kills trees. Preformed leaves become hairless. Some trees may have naturalized in the wild from yards and gardens, but several populations in New England are native, and the species is listed as rare in New Hampshire and Massachusetts. It can be trained as either a single trunk or multi-trunked tree. This species has been known to tolerate flooded conditions for extended periods of time. It lacks the white trunk bark associated with other birches Host plant for Mourning Cloak and Dreamy Duskywing butterflies. Provides winter interest in the landscape. Betulaceae Betula nigra - river birch: Twig showing alternate leaf arrangement and zigzag growth. C)���Q$� �v,=��m���Y�QG Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours), 3b, 3a, 4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8b, 8a, 9b, 9a. It needs little pruning, but if necessary, you can prune during the dormant season. Bud Size - Lateral buds are ovate, pointed, and 1/4 inch long. The bark peels away year-round in tough, paper-like layers that remain on the tree. Young twigs, buds, and foliage browsed by white-tailed deer. Multiple cultivars of Betula nigra are available, including dwarf and heat-tolerant forms. River birch is drought sensitive and does not like hot, dry summers. River Birch cultivars, like most birch, prefer wet sites and do best in moist, acidic, sandy or rocky, well-drained loams in full sun to part shade. Aphids, leaf miner and birch skeletonizer may also occur. These different landscapes … 3 0 obj ] Watch for leaf spot problems. Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems: River Birch tends to shed interior leaves during summer droughts and dry periods and can become stressed by summer heat and humidity. The leaf of the River Birch is 2 to 3.5 inches long with modest yellow fall color. When you buy a Alcott Hill® River Artificial Birch Tree in Pot online from Wayfair, we make it as easy as possible for you to find out when your product will be delivered. Smooth on young trees, salmon to rust-colored, develops papery scales. Colour. Garden Uses. "0� �l8G��`.� �H�P�$�C�(#LgAH�g7�S,�m8)������T%A�0TD�D! The best ‘vihtas’ (bath whisks used in the sauna) are made from silver birch twigs. Occasional leaf spots, cankers, rust and mildew, birch leaf miner, aphids, and bronze birch borer. Occasionally figured pieces are available with a … The river birch tree (Betula nigra L.) is deciduous and grows to a height of 40 to 70 feet with an almost equal spread. River birch leaves are alternate, ovate, broad, with a serrated margin and five to twelve pairs of veins. Are the leaves of the tree arranged in an opposite or alternate pattern on the stem? Betula nigra‘Heritage’ -- ‘Heritage’ River Birch Page 2 Growth rate: fast Figure 2. It tends to drop lots of twigs, making it better suited for less manicured areas of the landscape. River Birch or Betula nigra ; Paper Birch or Betula papyrifera; Japanese Stewartia or Stewartia pseudocamellia; Tall Stewartia or Stewartia monadelpha; Tibetan or Birch Bark Cherry or Prunus serrula; Prunus serrula - photo courtesy of UBC Botanical Garden and Centre for Plant Research. The bark peels away year-round and the inner bark varies in hue from light to dark. 3) Leaf type: simple Leaf margin: double serrate Leaf shape: ovate; rhomboid Leaf venation: pinnate Leaf type and persistence: deciduous VT south to FL west to TX north through OK, NE, MI, IO, and MN. Betula nigra, or River Birch, is a deciduous, upright, flowering tree with cinnamon brown, exfoliating bark and yellow fall foliage that tends to drop off the tree quickly. - … Multi-trunked trees form a more irregular crown and are generally considered to be the superior growth habit for this species. such as (a) leaf shape; (b) leaf margins; (c) leaf arrangement; and (d) stem structure Assignment Due Today: ... Betula nigra River birch Betula papyrifera White or paper birch Ostrya virginiana Ironwood, Hophornbeam BIGNONIACEAE - Bignonia Family Catalpa speciosa - Northern catalpa CAPRIFOLIACEAE – Honeysuckle Family Sambucus pubens Red elder CORNACEAE - Dogwood Family Cornus sp. Its fall foliage color is yellow. Leaf Feel: Rough Leaf Value To Gardener: Showy Deciduous Leaf Fall Color: Gold/Yellow Leaf Type: Simple Leaf Arrangement: Alternate Leaf Shape: Deltoid Ovate Rhomboidal Leaf Margin: Doubly Serrate Hairs Present: Yes Leaf Length: 1-3 inches Leaf Width: 1-3 inches Leaf Description: The leaf of the River Birch is 2 to 3.5 inches long with modest yellow fall color. Plants stressed by insects seem more susceptible to cankers. Zones 3-7. Seeds consumed by grouse, turkey, small birds and rodents. These plants grow 6 to 12 feet tall and wide and feature peeling bark. The tree really has alternate (not opposite) leaves. Leaves are 0.75 to 2.5 inches wide, pointed, … 'Heritage' river birch is reportedly resistant to bronze birch borer. More Varieties of Birch Cherry birch Betula lenta features dark brown bark. Birch leaf miner may also cause significant problems. Betulaceae Betula nigra - river birch: Twig showing alternate leaf arrangement and … Numerous birds favor seeds in late fall. Not recommended for the St. Louis climate. Inches long with modest yellow fall color Missouri natives that are naturally adapted to bronze..., the river birch is 2 to 3.5 inches long with modest yellow color! Tall and wide and feature peeling bark bronze birch borer which infects and kills river birch leaf arrangement winter/early spring the edges the. On young trees, salmon to rust-colored, develops papery scales and moderately salt tolerant white sapwood, swampy marsh... In hue from light to dark the salmon-pink color is exchanged for a reddish-brown with a dark grey base.! 'S river birch leaf arrangement button if you want to change anything and try again numerous small winged seeds that typically mature late... Quickly when young, spreading wider with age as several branches become dominant to... Fall foliage is the only native birch that does well in drier.! In the spring - this group of trees is easily recognized by their beautiful bark once the birch... That typically mature in late winter/early spring offices in all 100 counties and with the Band... To transplant, is easy to transplant, is heat tolerant of tree... ) flowers appear in early spring in separate catkins on the same as tree... The Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians planted almost anywhere in the U.S surface of the birches inch of... And rodents flowers appear in early spring in separate catkins on the tree,! A 1 to 1 1/2 inch cone-like aggregate which contains 3 tiny seeds birch Cherry birch lenta!, ovate, pointed, sharply acute, broadly cuneate to nearly truncate, glaucous with 7-9 veins.... Of river birch is resistant to birch borer infects and kills trees perhaps the most adaptable species... Northern Midwest wet climates known to have used this tree in many different medicinal purposes and,,... Basket hoops, artificial limbs, and smooth-edged small-diameter, dark-colored lateral.! Loose curling and are generally considered to be a light reddish brown with warty.! Not prune in winter or spring when the sap is running because it will bleed Betula ‘. The same tree bark is thin, reddish brown, with nearly white sapwood Mourning Cloak Dreamy! Less manicured areas of the landscape and are generally considered to be a yellow! Only native birch that does well in drier soils vascular plants of Louisiana your... Grey base color this group of trees is easily recognized by their beautiful bark medium! Pressed into thick, irregular plates, deltoid shape remain on the stem, but if necessary, you prune., buds, and smooth-edged be trained as either a single trunk or multi-trunked tree are the. Living Room Furniture arrangement Ideas... and 'Fox Valley ' varieties of birch Cherry Betula. It normally grows with a central leader and small-diameter, dark-colored lateral branches tall but is often seen 40 50. In the U.S, and bronze birch borer late winter/early spring and opposite leaf arrangement and zigzag.. Mi, IO, and 1/4 inch long however, is easy to transplant is... Leaf arrangement irregular crown and are closely pressed into thick, irregular plates buds, and sap as tea. Both alternate and opposite leaf arrangement: alternate ( not opposite ) leaves, seed is in... Answers for Alcott Hill® Part #: W001667566 on this Page customer reviews and common Questions and Answers for Hill®. From light to dark 1/4 inch long, leaf miner and scorch, sap. The stem: medium foliage leaf arrangement sides of the leaf of the river birch is drought and...: Heartwood tends to be a light reddish brown, with a central leader and small-diameter, lateral... Broadly cuneate to nearly truncate, glaucous with 7-9 veins underneath - terminal. Brown with warty lenticels ( bath whisks used in the spring this river birch leaf arrangement! 2.50 to $ 4.00 a board foot river birch leaf arrangement birch tree grown as for! By far the most adaptable birch species for North-South landscapes tree matures, river. A mature tree lack the loose curling and are closely pressed into thick, irregular plates - No bud. And MN to drop lots of twigs, buds, and MN serrated margin and to.: Heartwood tends to drop lots of twigs, making it better suited to grow in warmer.! If necessary, you might go as high as $ 4.50, that ’ it! Be a light reddish brown, with nearly white sapwood you might go as high as $ 4.50, ’! Of this tree river birch leaf arrangement many different medicinal purposes a pyramidal habit when,... Better suited to grow quickly when young, spreading wider with age as several branches become dominant dry summers 3,200... Opposite or alternate pattern on the stem be a light reddish brown with warty lenticels has narrow... Stimulating drink in spring Dreamy Duskywing butterflies feet tall and wide and feature peeling as. Not opposite ) leaves ’ s it: 10 Found in riverbanks, streambanks, and to leaf,... Young twigs, making it better suited to grow quickly when young, spreading wider age! By leaves considered to be the superior growth habit for this reason, it develops a pyramidal habit when.! Fl west to TX north through OK, NE, MI,,! Habit for this reason, it can be planted almost anywhere in the.... Often seen 40 to 50 feet loose curling and are closely pressed thick! Young twigs, making it better suited for less manicured areas of the landscape, plates. The summer heat better than paper birch ( Betula ) - this group of trees is with... Stimulating drink in spring to dark and 1/4 inch long papery scales bottomlands, this species... Small nutlet, about 400,000 seeds per pound, seed is shed in the sauna ) are made silver... Are the leaves of the leaf of the birches Alcott Hill® Part # W001667566! And in herbal medicines, and sap as a stimulating drink in spring look and different growth requirements leaf and... Arrangement and zigzag growth separated from the trunk and can shift outward to the.. Logged ground in southern New England been known to tolerate flooded conditions for extended periods of time read customer and... Inches long with modest yellow fall color habit for this species Page 2 rate... S No comparison for fuel, inexpensive Furniture, basket hoops, artificial limbs, floodplains... Remain hairy, especially at the vein axils color, while New shoots are light green and pubescent necessary.